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tamil nadu hindu population

He is considered to be the son of Shiva and Parvati. The Ramanathapuram Municipality has population of 61,440 of which 30,904 are males while 30,536 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Similar practices exist among the Kannada and Telugu non-Brahmin castes and Dravidian tribes of Central India. It represents the Tamil-speaking area of what was formerly the Madras Presidency of British India. Pg.129 Studies in social history:modern India, O. P. Bhatnagar, India. The total number of Tamil Hindus as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168[2] which forms 87.58% of the total popualation of Tamil Nadu. Unlike the Vedic traditions, these gods generally do not abide in temples but in shrines in the open. [14], The Smartha or the Aryan ritualistic form of Hinduism was introduced into the Tamil lands closer to the 5-6th century AD, it soon became the standard form of Hinduism in the Tamil country and was propagated as such by the different ruling dynasties in Tamil Nadu, the Shaivate and Vaishnavate moments started as a result of this introduction. But soon the population will touch an alarmingly low level, that is soon it will become fraction. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 6370 which is 10.37 % of total population of Ramanathapuram (M). [46] Tolkappiyam, possibly the most ancient of the extant Sangam works, dated between the 3rd century BCE and 5th century CE glorified Murugan, " the red god seated on the blue peacock, who is ever young and resplendent," and " the favoured god of the Tamils.". The Nemili Town Panchayat has population of 10,806 of which 5,423 are males while 5,383 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. [47] The cult of Skanda disappeared during the 6th century and was predominantly expanded during late 7th century Pallava period - Somaskanda sculptured panels of the Pallava period stand as a testament. As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Tamil Nadu, 48.4% people lived in urban regionswhile 51.6% in rural areas. [12] Most of them came from the Tamil region and the last of them lived in the 9th century CE. According to the 2011 census, Tamil Nadu has 87.6% Hindus, 6.1% Christians, and 5.9% Muslims, 0.1% Jains, and 0.3% other religions or no religion. There are also significant numbers of Muslims and Christians in the state. [20], Dharmapuram Adheenam is a mutt based in the town of Mayiladuthurai, India. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Tamil Nādu with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. The population density is 550 people per square kilometer. Tamil Nadu has the lowest fertility rate in India of 1.7%, which is below the rate required for population sustainability. [43] K. A. Nilakanta Sastri (1963:57-58) thinks that Pallavas adopted the Ganesa motif from Chalukyas. km) 480 Literates 40524545 TAMIL-NADU ke provincial symbols. [40] Pallavas propagated Somaskanda as the principal form of worship, slightly deviating from the Shaiva agamas; Cholas being strict shaivas, established lingams in all the temples.[41]. The total number of Tamil Hindus as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168 which forms 87.58% of the total popualation of Tamil Nadu. [72] The literacy rate (who can read, write and understand) among these stands at 63.2 percent which is lower than the 73.5 state level literacy rate. [29][30][31][32] Since then a succession of forty-six ascetics known as "Azhagiya Singar" have headed the monastic order. The earliest reference to Aiynar-Shasta includes two or more hero stones to hunting chiefs from the Arcot district in Tamil Nadu. From 2001 to 2011, Tamil Nadu’s population grew 15.6%, and currently adds about 1.2 million people to its population every year. It comprises 51,837,507 literates, with a literacy rate of 80.3%. The twelve Azhwars (saint poets of Vaishnavite tradition) and sixty-three Nayanars (saint poets of Shaivite tradition) are regarded as exponents of the bhakti tradition of Hinduism in South India. Tamil Nadu. Rank Name District Population 2011 1 … 48% of the population lives in urban spots, one of the highest in the nation. Narasimhavarman II built the Shore Temple which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2011 census, the 0-4 population was 46.75% Hindu, while the Muslim population was 37.32% and the Christian population was 15.93%. As per the Census India 2011, Tamil Nadu has 18524982 households, population of 72147030 of which 36137975 are males and 36009055 are females. [72], The Self-Respect Movement is a movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights,[73] and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy. The Nayaks of Madurai and Nayaks of Thanjavur were most prominent of them all in the 17th century. Ltd., New Delhi, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMichaels2004 (, Hinduism: Beliefs and Practices, by Jeanne Fowler, pgs. He seems to have originated in some ancestral guardian spirit of the villages or communities in Tamil Nadu, in a similar manner as Ayyanar. The city is both a populous urban area and a beach city. [18] The adheenam is the hereditary trustee of four temples in Thanjavur District. There are 32 districts, 216 Taluks, 15979 villages and 1109 towns in Tamil Nadu. [3] The Sangam poetry divided space and Tamil land into five allegorical areas and according to the Tirumurugarruppatai (circa 400-450 A.D.) attributed to the great Sangam poet Nakkiirar, Murugan was the presiding deity of the Kurinci region (hilly area). This empire lasted for almost two centuries till the defeat of Vijayanagara in the Battle of Talikota in 1565. Tamil Nadu Population Every Year Population of Madras Presidency in 1871 Census of India – 33,308,225 Population of Madras Presidency in 1881 Census of India – 31,170,631 Population of Tamil speakers in 1951 Census: 26,546,764 (7.43% of total Indian population) [69], Kālī (Tamil: காளி) is the Hindu goddess associated with power, shakti. [51][52][53] The form is present in most Shiva temples in South India, and is the main deity in the famous temple at Chidambaram. It reads "Ayanappa; a shrine to Cattan." This is followed by another inscription in Uraiyur near Tiruchirapalli which is dated to the 4th century C.E. Madurai Adheenam is the oldest Saivite Matha in South India established around 600 CE by saint Campantar. A Delhi Tamil Sangam Publication. Tirupati Balaji was a Buddhist shrine, Sanjivan Publications, 1991, "Vadakalai Srivaishnava Festivals' Calendar - The source mentions Pancharatra & Munitraya Krishna Jayantis celebrated by Ahobila Mutt & Andavan Ashrams respectively". "[7] Another example is Annamalaiyar Temple located at the city of Tiruvannamalai and the Chidambaram Temple in the heart of the temple town of Chidambaram. Worship of these deities is oftentimes seen as the modern continuation of the Dravidian folk religion followed before the Indo-Aryan arrival into Indian Subcontinent. Tolkappiyam, possibly the most ancient of the extant Sangam works, dated between the 3rd century BCE and 5th century CE glorified Murugan, the favoured god of the Tamils. The total number of Tamil Hindus as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168[10] which forms 87.58% of the total popualation of Tamil Nadu. [74] It was founded in 1925 by Periyar E. V. Ramasamy (also known as Periyar) in Tamil Nadu, India. Between 2001 and 2011, the population grew 15.61%. [77] After 1931, caste based census was not performed and hence the census data is not available for other castes. Hinduism is a diverse system of thought with beliefs spanning monotheism, polytheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, atheism, agnosticism, gnosticism among others;[33][34][35][36] and its concept of God is complex and depends upon each individual and the tradition and philosophy followed. In the late 18th century, the western parts of Tamil Nadu, came under the dominions of Hyder Ali and later Tipu Sultan, particularly with their victory in the Second Anglo-Mysore War. [56] The image depicts Shiva as a teacher of yoga, music, and wisdom, and giving exposition on the shastras (vedic texts) to his disciples. The following are the cities in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, which have a population of 1 lakh and above (city / corporation area only). Appar, one of the early Saivite saint of the 7th century, gives evidence of this knowledge of puranic episodes relating to Lingothbhavar form of Shiva while Tirugnana Sambandar refers this form of Shiva as the nature of light that could not be comprehended by Brahma and Vishnu. The Kanchi Matha serves as the foremost smartha institution in the state, Kanchi Matha's official history states that it was founded by Adi Sankara of Kaladi, and its history traces back to the fifth century BCE. She is associated with many other Hindu goddesses like Durga, Bhadrakali, Sati, Rudrani, Parvati and Chamunda. These classes in turn are grouped into social groups especially in rural areas. University Grants Commission, University of Allahabad. [78], The examples and perspective in this article, Rule of Nawabs, Nizams and British (1692–1947), Some of the famous Hindu pilgrimage sites in Tamil Nadu. The majority of the Tamil Nadu population is comprised of Tamils, speakers of the traditional Dravidian language. Dept. A steeply classified class structure existed in Tamil Nadu from around 2000 years because of the correlation in the form of cultivation, population and centralization of political system. British colonial rule led to the emergence of Chennai, the capital and largest city in Tamil Nadu. With a total human count of 76 million people, Tamil Nadu is one of the well developed states of South India. He is considered as a form of Shiva, although no scriptural references have been found to validate such claims. He is one of the 21 associate folk-deities of Ayyanar and is hence one of the so-called Kaval Deivams of the Tamils. During the fourth to eighth centuries century CE, Tamil Nadu saw the rise of the Pallavas under Mahendravarman I and his son Mamalla Narasimhavarman I. Thanks for A2A. In the early 18th century, the eastern parts of Tamil Nadu came under the dominions of the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of the Carnatic. Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001. With the decline of the Cholas between 1230 and 1280 CE, the Pandyas rose to prominence once again, under Maravarman Sundara Pandya and his younger brother, the celebrated Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan. As of 1987, there were a total of 27 Shiva temples under the control of the adheenam. Tamil Nadu Population 2019 –86.3712 Million. Tamil Nadu is one of state in India with population of 72147030. Tamil Nadu borders Andhra Pradesh to its south, Karnataka to its southeast, and Kerala to its east. The second-largest city in Tami Nadu by population is Coimbatore with approximately 2.7 million people and a population density of 601 people per square kilometer. [45] In modern times, there are separate temples for Ganesha in Tamil Nadu. The Pallavas were replaced by the Cholas as the dominant kingdom in the 10th century C.E and they in turn were replaced by Pandyas in the 13th century CE with their capital as Madurai. Tamil Nadu has a total population of 81.5 million, making it the seventh most populous state in India. 42-43, at. Ayyanar (Tamil: ஐயனார்) is worshipped as a guardian deity predominantly in Tamil Nadu and Tamil villages in Sri Lanka. Bagchi & Co., 1998, Pg.105 The Temple of Lord Varadaraja, Kanchi: a critical survey of Dr. K. V. Raman's Sri Varadarajaswami Temple, Kanchi, Pg.36 Hindu and Muslim religious institutions, Andhra Desa, 1300-1600; New Era, 1984, Pg.18 Śrī Vedānta Deśika - By Mudumby Narasimhachary, Sāhitya Akādemī. The total muslim population 4.2 million is … The city has a rich history and culture which can be seen in various attractions dotted here. In addition, worship is not restricted to Sanskrit or a specific caste, but is open to all. Ahobila Mutt (also called Ahobila Matam) is a Vadakalai Sri Vaishnava religious institution established 600 years ago at Ahobilam in India by Athivan Satakopa Svami (originally known as Srinivasacharya). While it has an industrial core … Tamil Nadu is home to over 30,000 Hindu temples. [62] References to the evolution of the Somaskanda concept are found from Pallava period from the 7th century A.D. in carved rear stone walls of Pallava temple sanctums. [13] Temples such as the Meenakshi Amman Temple at Madurai and Nellaiappar Temple at Tirunelveli are the best examples of Pandyan temple architecture.[6]. Name Status Tirumurugaruppatai is a deeply devotional poem included in the ten idylls (Pattupattu) of the age of the third Sangam. Though it is a Sanskrit name, it is a Tamil concept and Somaskandas are not found in North Indian temples. Of the three cities, Madurai has the highest population density of 823 people per square kilometer. The state adds over 1.2 million people to its current population every year. After winning the Polygar wars, the East India Company consolidated most of southern India into the Madras Presidency coterminous with the dominions of Nizam of Hyderabad. There are many Mathas (meaning monastic institutions) and temples based out of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu, state of India, located in the extreme south of the country. The population of children between age 0-6 is 49086 which is 9.07% of total population. Erode District lasted for almost two centuries till the defeat of Vijayanagara in the country the Detroit of South known. 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