GESSNER, CONRAD (also Konrad Gesner, 1516 – 1565), polymath, philologist, theologian, naturalist, and town physician of Zurich from 1554. In extending knowledge, however, Gesner’s most important contribution was to natural history. Alfredo Serrai, Conrad Gesner, ed. Ancestry is a major source of information if you are filling out your Conrad Gessner family tree. From 1537 until 1540, Gesner held the first chair of Greek at the Lausanne Academy, after which he resigned his position in Lausanne and moved to Montpellier to continue medical and botanical studies. One source called this perhaps the best exposition of Gesner as zoologist. He also received a medical degree and was a practicing physician. Gesner also published translations and editions of many classical texts. His use of woodcuts was significant in fixing the accuracy of his data and made possible the eventual emergence of a scientific zoology and botany. New York: Da Capo Press, 1973. Henry Bayrd Gessner: Birthdate: May 10, 1860: Death: December 26, 1896 (36) Immediate Family: Son of Conrad P Gessner and Anna Gessner Husband of Carrie Gessner Father of Albert Henry Gessner. His mother was Agathe Fritz (or Frick). ), Zoology in Early Modern Culture. His work in natural history, which interested him most, was in the fields of botany, zoology, paleontology, and crystallography. His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551 – 1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria (Gesneriaceae) is named after him. At the same time, despite his many professional duties and recurring illnesses, he made field trips, started a museum, organized medical instruction, and published the 70 or so books that he had either written or edited. Conrad Gessner was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. GESSNER, CONRAD (also Konrad Gesner, 1516 – 1565). Conrad Gesner was born circa 1903, at birth place, New York, to Herbert Gesner and Louise Gesner. Gesner also collected, edited, and published the works of selected literary, medical, and natural history writers, from the Greek and Latin classics to his own day. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. Of the few zoological encyclopedias produced in the sixteenth century, Gesner’s Historiae animalium ranks as the best, and it immediately earned for him an international reputation. For 250 years, the vernacular spelling of the family name of the polymath Conrad Gessner of Zurich (1516–1565) has been in doubt, owing to an erroneous analogy with the Latin spelling, which does not require a double s. Conrad Gesner, Conrad also spelled Konrad, Gesner also spelled Gessner, (born March 26, 1516, Zürich, Swiss Confederation [Switzerland]—died December 13, 1565, Zürich), Swiss physician and naturalist best known for his systematic compilations of information on animals and plants.. Education and career. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria and its family Gesneriaceae are named after him. Criminal or Civil Court records found on Conrad's Family, Friends, Neighbors, or Classmates View Details. Gesner was the first scholar to describe the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) in Europe. Together they promoted a scholarship for him to study at Bourges and Paris. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Introduction. In linguistics, he produced a Greek-Latin dictionary, one of the first studies ever attempted in comparative grammar, in which he cataloged around 130 ancient to contemporary languages and dialects. In: Paul J. Smith and Karl A.E. Conrad Gessner was born July 1848 in Dansville, Steuben, New York, Verenigde Staten, son of Michael Gessner and Mary Catherine Gessner. After the death of both Zwingli and Gesner’s father on the battlefield at Kappel in defense of Zwingli’s reformed religion in 1531, Gesner left Zurich for Strasbourg. Original watercolours donated by Cornelius Sittardus to Conrad Gessner, and published by Gessner in his (1558–1570) work on aquatic animals Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden 1996;70(11):169–196; Delisle C. Accessing nature, circulating knowledge: Conrad Gessner’s correspondence networks and his medical and naturalist practices. Gesner’s observation of plants, a result of his philological work, led to his interest in their medical uses. He was married to Mary Elizabeth Kurtz, they had 5 children. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. Crombie, A. C. Medieval and Early Modern Science. He died in the year 1925 in Fremont Steuben County New York, Verenigde Staten. Conrad Gessner was born in Zurich on March 26, 1516. ^mi (Sulipa ®£0nmana. The most Gessner families were found in and the USA in 1880and the USA in 1920. American Museum of Natural History: creatorOf: Medicine: Compendium of medicine: 1418.: Abraham Pineo Gesner 1797 - 1864. Kenneth C. Gesner and Hester How His Historiae animalium, a landmark in the history of zoology, occasionally displays a critical attitude when presenting collected knowledge. Gesner was, instead, raised by his great-uncle because of economic hardship of his own family, which, however, might have brought up his interest in natural study, as his great-uncle Frick was passionate about botany. The first fruits of such faith was a Greek-Latin dictionary Gesner published in 1537, having prepared it in his spare time at Basel. The first 19 books were published in 1548; the last, devoted to theological thought, was published in 1549, while the 20th, on medicine, was never completed. John L Gesner was born in 1864, at birth place, to Malcolm W Gessner and Elizabeth H GESNER (born Gessner). Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. For 250 years, the vernacular spelling of the family name of the polymath Conrad Gessner of Zurich (1516–1565) has been in doubt, owing to an erroneous analogy with the Latin spelling, which does not require a double s. His most significant contribution in philology is his four-volume Bibliotheca universalis (1545-1555), a biobibliography of all Greek, Latin, and Hebrew writers, ancient to contemporary, known in Gesner’s day. Conrad Gesner, Conrad also spelled Konrad, Gesner also spelled Gessner, (born March 26, 1516, Zürich, Swiss Confederation [Switzerland]—died December 13, 1565, Zürich), Swiss physician and naturalist best known for his systematic compilations of information on animals and plants. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As a Renaissance Humanist, Conrad Gesner placed great value on studying previous scholarly works; in so doing, he accumulated an encyclopedic knowledge of the arts, the sciences, and medicine. Gesner also encouraged observation of plants by founding a botanical garden and a natural history collection in Zurich. Although Gesner did regard some exceptional fossils as petrified animals, for the most part he accepted the traditional theory that they were figures formed in stone by astral influences, by subterranean vapors, or by internal vegetative forces during the growth of the surrounding stone. New York: Da Capo Press, 1973. Gessner went to live with his great uncle at the age of five and it was here that Gessner’s education began (Leu 2016). The College Library contains an impressive and valuable collection of books written by Conrad Gesner. 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